Minds On

Creating emotion, beauty, and art with words

Read this Haiku poem. What do you notice about the words used? What do you wonder?

Roses are red,

violets are blue,

I make my bed because I love you.

How do you feel after exploring this? How is this writing different than a personal recount or a letter? Is the punctuation correct? Are sentences with capitals and periods left out on purpose?

The answer is YES! What do we call this kind of writing?

We call this a Haiku poem.



It’s time to look at a simple poem with a rhyming pattern with Teacher Wynne in the following video.

Not all poems rhyme. Just like the last line of a traditional Japanese Haiku poem does not rhyme. Also, there are different variations of Haiku poem structures.

In this learning activity, we are going to explore rhyme and words that rhyme.

Word families

Words in the same word family typically rhyme. Let’s look at the word family at.

Cat, mat, hat, sat, pat, bat, that, rat are part of the same word family.

Let’s practise

There are many word families. Can you think of some words that are part of these word families?

  • in
  • ot
  • op
  • et
  • ed
  • ut
  • an
  • ing

Let’s practise

We look at the word endings for perfect rhymes. Match the rhyming pairs and identify the word endings.

  • table
  • fable
  • book
  • hook
  • pencil
  • stencil
  • park
  • stark
  • delicious
  • nutritious

Find the rhyme!

Song lyrics are poems set to music. With the help of a teacher or with a partner, look at 1-2 verses of a familiar song. Identify the rhyming words and the word endings that rhyme.

Personification & simile

Poets and writers often use personification and simile. These are additional tools to make poems more interesting.

Explore this short video lesson about personification. Write or share aloud one example of personification from this video.

Explore this short video lesson on simile. Write or share aloud one example of simile from this video.


Rhyming verses

Try to use some of the rhyming words to write 2 rhyming verses in your notebook.

The fun part of poetry is that you don’t need capitals or periods or punctuation the way we have to in paragraphs.


Character education trait rhyme

What character education traits are promoted in your school and community?

Pick a character education trait that you do your best to live by.

Brainstorm related words or phrases to this character trait.

Try to find rhyming words.

Compose 2 sets of rhyming verses. Set A has 2 rhyming lines. Set B has 2 rhyming lines. Remember what Teacher Wynne taught us?

Give your poem a title.


Composing a poem

Now you’re ready to begin composing a poem!

Listen to some classical or relaxing music without words to help you brainstorm. If possible, perhaps you could ask someone for some suggestions (Chopin, sounds of rolling waves on a beach).

Try to write down any and all words in your mind without stopping, and don’t think about if they make sense or not.

Draw on your mind map (you can use one of the ones provided). Use art, drawings, images, photographs, or objects from home or your classroom to help.

Mind map sample 1Press the ‘Activity 1’ button to access the Mind Map Sample 1. Activity 1 (Open PDF in a new window)

Mind map sample 2Press the ‘Activity 2’ button to access the Mind Map Sample 2. Activity 2 (Open PDF in a new window)

From your brainstorming, mind map of words or phrases, or drawings, come up with a topic, or you may think of a memory or a noun (person, place, or thing) as your poem topic.

Use your word web to connect to your topic and think of associated vocabulary to do with the 5 senses, adjectives, and adverbs.

Next, choose one word on your mind map and try to list some rhyming words. You may wish to use a picture dictionary or online dictionary to help you expand and gather new words.

Repeat this again 3-5 times.

Now try to compose 4-6 lines in your poem.

Write your poem.

If possible, share your poem with a peer and conference with a teacher.

Poetry writing checklist

Review the elements of your poetry writing process using this checklist.

Poetry Writing Checklist



Word resources:

Personification - Simile:

Press the ‘Activity’ button to access the Poetry Writing Checklist.

You may wish to keep a copy of the checklist as a reference.


How do you feel about what you have learned in this activity?  Which of the next four sentences best matches how you are feeling about your learning? Press the button that is beside this sentence.

reflection icon

I feel…

Now, record your ideas about your feelings using a voice recorder, speech-to-text, or writing tool.

Press ‘Discover More’ to extend your skills.

Publish your poem.

Research some famous children's poems and poets from different cultures.