Minds On

What’s the purpose of oral text?

The general purpose of oral text is to:

  • persuade
  • inform
  • entertain

You are going to explore three TVO videos.

For each video, identify the purpose of the oral text, and for each, record the evidence (or clues from the videos) you used to support your answer. How did you know this was the purpose of the text?

Complete the Video Response Chart in your notebook or using the following fillable and printable document to record your responses. You can also complete this activity using a method of your choice. Share your responses with a partner, if possible. Did you both have similar responses? Was your evidence the same or different?

Video Response Chart Press the ‘Activity’ button to access the Video Response Chart. Activity (Open PDF in a new window)


Action

Task 1: What’s the purpose?

You have now had some practice determining the purpose of an oral text.

Press the following tabs to access descriptions of the purposes of oral text.

The author is trying to teach their audience and share facts.

The author wants their audience to enjoy their experience.

The author of the text would like their audience to do, buy, or believe something they are sharing.

Explore the following audio clip and determine what the purpose is. Is it to inform? Entertain? Persuade? How do you know?

What moments in the oral text can be used as evidence for the purpose you have chosen?

If possible, discuss your thoughts with a partner, or record your thoughts using a voice recorder, speech-to-text, or writing tool.

Kiteboarding

Task 2: The art of attentiveness

Brainstorm

How are you attentive?

When engaging in conversations, it is always best to be attentive to get the best out of that conversation. Reflect on a conversation or exchange you have had with someone recently. How did you demonstrate your attentiveness during this exchange?

Many leadership coaches suggest the following to become more attentive in any situation:

  • paying attention
  • withholding judgement
  • reflecting
  • clarifying
  • summarizing
  • sharing

Check out this TVO interview video entitled “Daniel Interviews Nicholas from Big Top Academy” to learn more about Nicholas from the TVO show, Big Top Academy. As you explore the video, make note of any moment that demonstrates the attentiveness strategies mentioned above.

Record these moments and how you know the strategy was being applied in a method of your choice.

Did you notice if any of these attentive strategies would have been difficult in this interview format? Record your thoughts or discuss with a partner, if possible.

Task 3: Asking questions

When engaging with text, or when you are in a conversation with someone, there may come a time where you may need clarification. Asking questions is a great strategy.

The following interactive matching game explores the types of questions that you can ask to get clarification. The types of questions will be under the following categories:

  • clarification question
  • relationship questions
  • challenging our thinking questions

For each question starter, select the corresponding category from the drop-down menu.

Let’s practice

The following audio clip has a person sharing information about a situation that happened to them. As you experience this clip, consider the following attentive strategies:

  • paying attention
  • withholding judgement
  • reflecting
  • clarifying
  • summarizing
  • sharing

Choose one of two of these strategies as a focus while you experience the clip.

An eventful walk

Consider recording a few clarifying questions from the matching game above, as if you could converse with this author. What questions would you like to ask for some clarification?

Consolidation

Let’s have a conversation

Let’s put all that we have learned together.

Have a one or two minute conversation with another person. Before you begin, consider the purpose of oral texts and decide what you would like the purpose and content of your conversation to be.

If you do not have a partner, you can create a one or two minute conversation orally, or in writing, between two people. You may also find an interview or conversation of your own in an oral text.

After the conversation, complete the Purpose of Oral Text Checklist in your notebook or using the following fillable and printable document to check the attentive strategies and questions that you were aware of. You can also complete this activity using a method of your choice.

Purpose of Oral Text Checklist Press the ‘Activity’ button to access the Purpose of Oral Text Checklist. Activity (Open PDF in a new window)

Reflection

As you read the following descriptions, select the one that best describes your current understanding of the learning in this activity. Press the corresponding button once you have made your choice.

I feel...

Now, expand on your ideas by recording your thoughts using a voice recorder, speech-to-text, or writing tool.

When you review your notes on this learning activity later, reflect on whether you would select a different description based on your further review of the material in this learning activity.